Rose Flowers Guide and History

Roses Guide

Are you looking for most well-known flowers all around the World and want to grow them in your yard? Don’t worry here they are.

When it comes to flowers, Roses are the first click on our mind as they are most popular and come in a wide range of varieties. They are classic and modern as well. Roses are very pleasing by their color, fragrance, looks, meanings, etc. 


Begin with a bit of History 


We go back through centuries in came to find a rose in the 5th century, in Egyptian tombs. The Queens have rose petals mattresses to sleep and used to take baths with rose petals in water.  The first large collections of roses are gathered by Josephine, Napoleon’s wife. She had over 250 varieties of roses in her garden. Most of them were European/Mediterranean. There is long history of roses as they are one of the oldest specie of flowers. It was also named “La France” in 1867 and considered to be the first Hybrid Tea. 



They are categorized by their species, bloom sizes and historic references. 

  • Old Garden Roses
  • Wild Roses
  • Modern Roses  


Old Garden Roses: Types


  1. Zephirine Drouhin

Zephirine Drouhin is introduced in 1868. It is a highly fragrant rose with a counting of 25-30 petals. They attract butterflies which makes them more pleasing. This is a vigorous climbing Bourbon rose and used at Wall-side Borders, Arbors, Hedges and Screens, etc. They improve the beauty of the house and any other area where they are planted. It is easier to take care of as it needs average maintenance and water.

The soil can be of any type Loam, Chalk, Clay, or Sand and pH can be Acid, Alkaline, or Neutral. Soil should be well-drained but moist. 

Bloom TypeSemi-Double
CharacteristicsFragrance, Hedge, Shade, Thornless, Rose That Attract Bees
FragranceExceptionally Fragrant
Hardiness Zone(s)6 (-10° to 0°), 7 (0° to 10°), 8 (10° to 20°), 9 (20° to 30°), 10 (30° to 40°)
RebloomContinual Blooming
Approximate Size10′ x 6′


  1. Centifolia Roses

Centifolia Roses are discovered in the 17th to 19th century, probably earlier. They are also known as ‘Provence Rose’. They grow up to 125cm-150cm and have Large Shrubs. Mostly used in Shady areas and Mixed Borders. They cannot bloom the whole year they only bloom once a year.

Centifolias -
Centifolia Roses

Their growing conditions are not complicated they can grow in all types of soils, they can grow well either in full sunlight or partial sunlight. Centifolia Roses attract bees as they have a sufficient amount of nectar and pollen.

Bloom TypeSingle
CharacteristicsRose That Attract Bees
ColorDeep Pink
FragranceRichly Fragrant
Hardiness Zone(s)6 (-10° to 0°), 7 (0° to 10°), 8 (10° to 20°), 9 (20° to 30°)
RebloomOnce Blooming


Wild Roses


  1. Rosa Multiflora (Multiflora Rose)

In 1866 Multiflora Roses first came into North America. They were used as rootstock for Decorative Roses. Further, it was started to plant for livestock control in the mid of 1900s. multiflora Roses are big scurrying shrubs.  It likes to spread out and have thorny canes. They grow up to 180cm-450cm tall and 180cm-540cm wide.

It can easily survive in an average water supply but need high maintenance. High maintenance is needed as it has fruits and berries on it.  So it could be not easy for everyone.  As they cannot maintain it properly and gradually want to get rid of it. Any special soil is not required but the soil should be well-drained and moist.

Rosa multiflora

Bloom TypeTwice
CharacteristicsRose That Attract Birds, Butterflies, Hummingbirds
FragranceSweet Scent
Garden StylesInformal and Cottage
RebloomTwice a Year



  1. Rosa Canina (Dog Rose)

Dog Rose is also known as Bird Briar. They bloom in June and July and that’s the best time to see them. Dog Rose is the most well-known species of Wild Roses. They grow up to 90cm-450cm tall and the same in width.  It can be planted in an area of 360cm. dog Roses do not require much maintenance and water. They are easy to look after.

There are complications in soil for Dog Roses. They just need full sunlight to grow well. They are best for wildflower meadows and cottage gardens. It is the native flower of the United Kingdom. It is mildly fragrant. They bloom twice a year in spring and summer.

Bloom TypeTwice
CharacteristicsRose That Attract Birds, Butterflies
ColorPink, White
FragranceSweet Scent
Garden StylesHedges and Screens 
RebloomTwice a Year


Modern Roses  


  1. Rosa ‘Mother Of Pearl’ (Grandiflora Rose)

Grandiflora Rose is one of the most beautiful roses. It is also known as Mother of Pearl. It is a pale pink flower with soft petals.  It grows up to 90cm-120cm tall and same 90cm-120cm wide. Grandiflora Roses are seen in Traditional Gardens, Cottages, etc. It can easily be grown in containers, flowering hedges and they look glorious when they are mass-planted.

Rich soil and full sunlight are needed for healthy growth.  There is no need for high maintenance.  This rose blooms in spring (late), summer (early, mid or late), and fall. It means they can bloom three times a year.

Bloom TypeThree Times A Year
CharacteristicsCut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
ColorPale Pink
FragranceDecent Scent
Garden StylesPatio, Containers, Hedges and Screens 
RebloomThree Times A Year


  1. Rosa ‘Angel Face’ (Floribunda Rose)

Floribunda Rose is a medium-sized rose with a 25-30 petal count. Its color is clear, medium lavender blushes ruby. This rose grows up to 90cm-120cm tall and 60cm-120cm wide with average water intake and maintenance. This rose is AARS Winner in 1969 (All American Rose Selection). It is sweetly scented with rich citrus perfume.

Floribunda Rose is suitable for dry climates but needs rich fertile soil and full sunlight for good growth. The soil should be well-drained and moist. The pH can be Acidic, Alkaline, or Neutral. It attracts Butterflies, as most flowers do. It can be grown easily in the home yard.

Bloom TypeThree Times A Year
CharacteristicsCut Flowers, Fragrant, Showy
ColorClear medium Lavender blushes Ruby
FragranceHighly Scented 
Garden StylesPatio, Containers, Hedges and Screens 
RebloomThree Times A Year


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